Nearly 14.5 million Americans with a history of cancer were alive on January 1, 2014. Some of these individuals were diagnosed recently and are actively undergoing treatment, while others were diagnosed many years ago with no current evidence of cancer.
About 1,658,370 new cancer cases are expected to be diagnosed in 2015. This estimate does not include carcinoma in situ (noninvasive cancer) of any site except urinary bladder, nor does it include basal cell or squamous cell skin cancers, which are not required to be reported to cancer registries.
In the United States, the overall cancer death rate has declined since the early 1990s. The most recent Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, published in March 2015, shows that from 2002 to 2011, cancer death rates decreased by: